May 28, 2010
UNITED NATIONS - The 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons was held at United Nations headquarters in New York from May 3 to 28, 2010. After intense negotiations, the parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) adopted the final document of the 2010 Review Conference by consensus. The Review Conference adopted a document on conclusions and recommendations and an Action Plan which, among other matters, collects the negotiations for the establishment of a nuclear weapons free zone in the Middle East and the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. In this regard, the international community expects that the adoption of the Action Plan consolidates the objectives of disarmament, nonproliferation and the achievement of a world free of nuclear weapons. The delegation of Panama expressed the hope that at the forthcoming 2015 Review Conference the States parties will unite their efforts to achieve the objectives outlined in the Action Plan and to comply with the three pillars of the NPT: nuclear disarmament, nonproliferation and the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
During the Review Conference the Latin America and the Caribbean States parties of the Treaty of Tlatelolco made a statement, which reflects the group's position on the need for progress in achieving the priority objective of nuclear disarmament, the elimination and prohibition of nuclear weapons and the establishment of zones free of nuclear weapons. In that sense, they reaffirmed the Declaration adopted at the Second Conference of States Parties Signatories to Treaties that Establish Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones, as a contribution to the process of disarmament and non proliferation.